Transporting wine is a tricky task, as your storage vessel needs to accomplish four different goals:
- Air must be kept out of the vessel to prevent oxidation.
- The vessel must be strong enough not to easily break, without being so heavy that it cannot be easily moved (especially when hand labor was the rule).
In many cases, the vessel needs to be opened and then resealed. The vessel itself shouldn’t interact with the wine (though we’ll see that a very large asterisk follows this rule).
In addition to those goals, the vessel needs to be stored in an environment that has a stable temperature. If wine is exposed to heat for too long it will ‘cook’ and lose its flavor.
Closed wine storage vessels with straight sides are called tanks. Properly designed stainless tanks are inert, tight and durable, and smooth, polished stainless steel surfaces can be cleaned easily. Regardless of the cost, the stainless steel tanks are the best choice for wine storage and transportation.